# Subtraction Within 20

In this article, we will be learning subtraction within 20. Let’s start with a recap!

## Subtraction within 10

Example:

James had some paper clips. He lost some of them. How many paper clips did James have left?

He had __________ paper clips left.

Answer:

4

Explanation:

Count the total number of paper clips and subtract the number of paper clips that are crossed out. We get:

Question 1:

Rachel had 8 bottles of water. She gave away 5 bottles of water. How many bottles of water does Rachel have left?

1. 1
2. 2
3. 3
4. 13

Answer:

(3) 3

Explanation:

Question 2:

There are 10 ducks. 2 ducks are in the pond. How many of them are not in the pond?

Answer:

(4) 8

Explanation:

Question 3:

Mr Tan has 10 pens. He gives away 3 pens. How many pens does he have left?

1. 6
2. 7
3. 8
4. 13

Answer:

(2) 7

Explanation:

## Subtraction with 20 by subtracting the ones first

Example:

Nina had 17 pencils. She lost 6 pencils. How many pencils did she have left?

Nina has __________ pencils left.

Answer:

11

Explanation:

Split 17 into 10 and 7. Subtract 6 from 7. Add the answer to 10.

Step 1:

$17 = 10 + 7$

Step 2:

Subtract the ones.

Step 3:

\begin{align}​ 7 – 6 &= 1 \\ 10 + 1 &= 11 \end{align}

Question 1:

Complete the equation.

1. 13
2. 14
3. 15
4. 16

Answer:

(3) 15

Explanation:

Split 18 into 10 and 8. Subtract 3 from 8. Add the answer to 10.

Step 1:

$18 = 10 + 8$

Step 2:

Subtract the ones.

Step 3:

\begin{align}​ 8 – 3 &= 5 \\ 10 + 5 &= 15 \end{align}

Question 2:

Complete the equation.

1. 13
2. 15
3. 16
4. 17

Answer:

(4) 17

Explanation:

Split 19 into 10 and 9. Subtract 2 from 9. Add the answer to 10.

Step 1:

$19 = 10 + 9$

Step 2:

Subtract the ones.

Step 3:

\begin{align}​ 9 – 2 &= 7 \\ 10 + 7 &= 17 \end{align}

## Subtraction with 20 by subtracting from 10 first

Example:

Amy had 16 buttons. She gave 8 buttons to her sister. How many buttons did Amy have left?

Answer:

8

Explanation:

Split 16 into 10 and 6. Subtract 8 from 10. Add the answer to 6.

Step 1:

$16 = 6 + 10$

Step 2:

Subtract from 10 first.

Step 3:

\begin{align}​ 10 - 8 &= 2 \\ 6 + 2 &= 8 \end{align}

Question 1:

Fill in the blank with the correct answer.

$13 - 5 =$ __________

1. 8
2. 9
3. 12
4. 18

Answer:

(1) 8

Explanation:

Step 1:

$13 = 10 + 3$

Step 2:

Subtract from 10.

Step 3:

\begin{align}​ 10 - 5 &= 5 \\ 5 + 3 &= 8 \end{align}

Question 2:

Fill in the blank with the correct answer:

$20 - 2 =$ __________

1. 8
2. 10
3. 12
4. 18

Answer:

(4) 18

Explanation:

Step 1:

$20 = 10 + 10$

Step 2:

Subtract from 10.

Step 3:

\begin{align}​ 10 - 2 &= 8 \\ 8 + 10 &= 18 \end{align}

Question 3:

Fill in the blank:

$17 - 9 =$ __________

1. 7
2. 8
3. 10

Answer:

(2) 8

Explanation:

Step 1:

$17 = 10 + 7$

Step 2:

Subtract from 10.

Step 3:

\begin{align}​ 10 - 9 &= 1 \\ 1 + 7 &= 8 \end{align}

Question 4:

Which of the following subtraction equations best represents the diagram below?

1. $19 - 6 = 12$
2. $19 - 6 = 13$
3. $20 - 6 = 13$
4. $20 - 6 = 14$

Answer:

(2) $19 - 6 = 13$

Explanation:

Identify the total number of cupcakes and subtract the 6 cupcakes that are crossed out.

Step 1:

$19 = 10 + 9$

Step 2:

Subtract from 10.

Step 3:

\begin{align}​ 10 - 6 &= 4 \\ 4 + 9 &= 13 \end{align}

Question 5:

Which of the following equations best represents the diagram below?

1. $13 + 2 = 5$
2. $13 - 2 = 11$
3. $13 - 3 = 10$
4. $13 - 10 = 3$

Answer:

(2) $13 - 2 = 11$

Explanation:

Identify the total number of pumpkins and subtract the 2 pumpkins that are crossed out.

Step 1:

$13 = 10 + 3$

Step 2:

Subtract from 10.

Step 3:

\begin{align}​ 10 - 2 &= 8 \\ 8 + 3 &= 11 \end{align}

Question 6:

Which of the following equations best represents the diagram below?

1. $10 - 4 = 6$
2.   $4 + 6 = 10$
3. $12 - 4 = 8$
4.   $6 + 6 = 12$

Answer:

(3) $12 - 4 = 8$

Explanation:

Identify the total number of birds and subtract the 4 birds that are crossed out.

Step 1:

$12 = 10 + 2$

Step 2:

Subtract from 10 first.

Step 3:

\begin{align}​ 10 - 4 &= 6 \\ 6 + 2 &= 8 \end{align}

Question 7:

There were 17 apples. Tom ate 3 of them. How many apples are left now?

1. $14 - 3 = 11$
2. $14 - 4 = 10$
3. $17 - 4 = 13$
4. $17 - 3 = 14$

Answer:

(4) $17 - 3 = 14$

Explanation:

Identify the total number of apples and subtract the 3 apples that were eaten.

Step 1:

$17 = 10 + 7$

Step 2:

Subtract from 10 first.

Step 3:

\begin{align}​ 10 - 3 &= 7 \\ 7 + 7 &= 14 \end{align}

Question 8:

Which of the following is equal to 7?

Answer:

(4) $15 - 8 = 7$

Explanation:

1. $20 - 3 = 17$
2. $19 - 7 = 12$
3. $18 - 3 = 15$
4. $15 - 8 = 7$

Question 9:

Which of the following is not equal to 11?

Answer:

(2) $16 - 6 = 10$

Explanation:

1. $10 + 1 = 11$
2. $16 - 6 = 10$
3. $13 - 2 = 11$
4.   $9 + 2 = 11$

Question 10:

Which of the following number sentences is correct?

Answer:

(2) $13 - 8 = 5$

Explanation:

1. $10 - 7 = 3 \quad \text{ (wrong)}$
2. $13 - 8 = 5 \quad\text{ (correct)}$
3. $19 - 6 = 13 \quad\text{(wrong)}$
4. $12 - 8 = 4 \quad\text{ (correct)}$

Question 11:

Which of the following number sentences has the greatest answer?

Answer:

(2) $16 - 3 = 13$

Explanation:

1. $14 - 7 = 7$
2. $16 - 3 = 13$
3. $17 - 8 = 9$
4. $20 - 9 = 11$

Out of all the answers, 13 is the greatest.

In this article, we have learnt

• Subtraction Within 20

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