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The Complete O-Level Physics 2023 guide + free notes

The Complete O-Level Physics 2023 guide + free notes

Getting a higher grade in O-level pure physics can be challenging, but we're here to help. In this article, we will look at:

An overview of the O-level pure physics syllabus for 2023

If you're gearing up for O-level Pure Physics, you might be feeling a bit intimidated. After all, it's a subject that demands both a solid grasp of theoretical concepts and impressive Maths skills. But don't throw in the towel just yet! By diving into the syllabus, getting a handle on what the examiners are looking for, adopting effective study strategies, and starting your prep early, you can definitely come out on top. Trust me, you've got this!

Pure Physics Syllabus

 O-level pure physics syllabus for 2023 focuses on five major areas, namely Measurement, Newtonian Mechanics, Thermal Physics, Waves, and Electricity & Magnetism. Let’s look at each of them and understand what the examiners are expecting from you.

1. Measurement

In order to understand Physics, you need to have a strong grasp on the different units of measurement. The topics covered in this section are:

  • SI units
  • Prefixes
  • Physical quantities
  • Scalars & vectors
  • Measuring time and length

2. Newtonian Mechanics

Under this action, students will study motion and all of its causes. The topics covered in this section are:

  • Kinematics
  • Dynamics
  • Mass, weight, and density
  • Turning effect of forces
  • Pressure
  • Energy, Work, and Power

Click here to read a detailed article on understanding kinematic equations here.

3. Thermal Physics

In this section, students are expected to learn the kinetic model of matter and predict how heat changes matter at an atomic level. The following topics are covered in the unit:

  • Kinetic model of matter
  • Transfer of thermal energy
  • Temperature
  • Thermal Properties of Matter 

4. Waves

In this unit, the students will study the nature of waves and how they affect our day-to-day life. The topics covered are:

  • General wave properties
  • Light
  • Electromagnetic Spectrum

5. Electricity and Magnetism

In this unit, students will learn about electricity, magnetism, and how both interact with each other. The topics covered are:

  • Static Electricity
  • Current of Electricity
  • D.C. Circuits
  • Practical Electricity
  • Magnetism
  • Electromagnetism
  • Electromagnetic Induction

If you want to know in-depth information about the syllabus, check out this resource from Singapore Examinations and Assessment Board (SEAB). We have also covered the learning objectives of each topic in detail on our O-level syllabus page.

General expectations from examiners

1. You REALLY know your stuff.

The exam questions will test your ability to apply what you've learned. So, instead of memorising formulas, focus on truly understanding the topics when studying. Don't be afraid to ask questions, even if you think they're stupid. It is preferable to clear all of your doubts in class rather than score poorly on your exams. 

> Pro tip: When you see questions that begin with 'define,' 'explain’,’'state,' 'outline,' or 'describe,' the examiners are expecting you to recall the information correctly. They also want to see that you understand the concept well enough to explain it in your own words. So, when responding to such questions, make sure you use the correct terminology and formulas while demonstrating your knowledge of the subject. 

2. Applying prior knowledge to new problems.

The examiners want to see how you would handle a new problem using the concepts you've learned so far. Your logical reasoning, deduction skills, and subject knowledge are all being tested here.

>  Pro tip: When you see questions with seemingly new topics that begin with 'suggest,' 'predict,' 'determine,' or 'calculate,' you should figure out which of the topics you've learned can help you solve this. Take a step back and look for patterns between the lines. When responding, make sure to include your reasoning.


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Exam format

The O-level pure physics exam consists of three papers: 

> Paper 1

Weight: 30%

Marks: 40

Type: 40 Compulsory multiple-choice questions

Time: 1 hour

> Paper 2

Weight: 50%

Marks: 80

Type: Section A is worth 50 marks and includes compulsory structured questions. Section B is worth 30 marks for 3 questions.

Time: 1 hour and 45 minutes.

> Paper 3

Weight: 20%

Marks: 40

Type: Section A is worth 20 marks and includes 2 short experiments. Section B is also worth 20 marks and consists of one long experiment.

Time: 1 hour 50 minutes.

Types of questions asked in these exams and their weightage

(Abbrv.: MMO = manipulation, measurement and observation, PDO = Presentation of data and observation, and ACE= Analysis, conclusions and evaluations)

Major challenges and strategies for overcoming them

1. MCQ time management

When it comes to mastering MCQs, time management is a major challenge. These methods will help you effectively manage your time: 

- Use a stopwatch to time yourself as you complete worksheets. This will help you identify topics that consume the majority of your time, and you can then work to strengthen those topics.

- Master the art of elimination. When faced with a difficult MCQ question, examine the solutions and eliminate the incorrect ones first, leaving only the options with the best chance of being correct.

- On exam day, start by answering the questions you are confident you know the answers to. Leave the ones you don't know for later. After you've answered all of the questions you're certain about, move on to the remaining ones. This way, you won't run out of time before answering the questions you know the answers to. 

2. Uncertainty about structured and open-ended questions.

Structured questions carry the most weight, and because students are unsure what to expect, this can cause anxiety and a lack of confidence. To avoid this, attempt to solve as many past papers as possible. This can help you improve your subject knowledge and sharpen your skills in determining which concepts to apply. 

Additional resources to help you understand the syllabus

1. Topic Notes

We have compiled free notes for each topic of your course that you can access by clicking on this link.

2. Read E=MC2 by David Bodanis 

Travel through space and time to discover how the formulas for energy, mass, and light that we study came to be. This isn't a boring old book; it's jam-packed with stories, and reading it can deepen your understanding of the equations and the concepts behind them.

3. Watch Crash Course - Physics on YouTube

Crash course physics, hosted by Dr Shini Somara, has short 10-minute explainer videos for the majority of the topics covered. These videos use simple situational examples to help you understand fundamental concepts. Click here to start watching the videos.

4. Website: The Physics Classroom

This website is your all-in-one resource. There are video lectures, experiments, calculators, and even concept builders with useful exercises to help you truly explore and understand various concepts. Here's a link to the website.



We hope that this article has given you a better understanding of how to study and prepare for your physics exam. Read Mastering O-level Physics: 10 Tips for exam success next!


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