Secondary 4
Overview
Secondary 4 is when preparation for ‘O’ and ‘N’ level examinations gets kicked up a notch. To be eligible for Junior College or Millennia Institute, students are required to take a minimum of 1 language and 5 relevant subjects (L1R5). For those pursuing their tertiary education in Polytechnic, the English Language, 2 relevant, and 2 best subjects (ELR2B2) are required. While academic performance takes centre stage, students who excel in co-curricular activities may be awarded up to a maximum of 4 bonus points, which can be used to deduct off their O-level gross aggregate score to give them an advantage.

English

Besides the introduction of a few new topics and concepts, the Secondary 4 syllabus focuses on helping students sharpen their thinking and writing skills in preparation for the biggest milestone in their education journey yet - the GCE ‘O’ Level English Examination. As the O-level syllabus comprises knowledge and skills attained throughout the Primary and Secondary curriculum, students can expect to be tested on their overall mastery of the English language, as well as their ability to formulate and express well-structured arguments in written and spoken form. The O-level exam is divided into 4 papers, with Paper One and Two focusing on testing one’s reading and writing abilities, as Paper Three and Four assess students’ listening comprehension and oral communication skills. Therefore, it’s important for students to apportion revision time based on the effort needed to address learning gaps in each of the specific areas.

Maths

The Secondary 4 Maths syllabus comprises two subjects: the compulsory Elementary Mathemathics (E-Math) and the optional Additional Mathematics (A-Maths) which students may choose to take on as an additional subject. Following the framework of the Secondary 3 Maths syllabus, E-Maths focuses on mathematical concepts applicable to everyday life - instalments, interest, and GST through topics such as measurements and estimation. On the other hand, A-Maths can be a bit more abstract. It pulls back the curtain and delves into research tools necessary for other fields of study, which include Physics, Biology, Economics, and so on.

Physics

Besides introducing several new topics and concepts, the Secondary 4 syllabus focuses on helping students sharpen their analytical skills and understanding of scientific concepts in preparation for the O-level Physics paper. Besides an emphasis on revision, the Secondary 4 syllabus includes topics such as the current of electricity, magnetism, electromagnetism, DC circuits, sound, and so on. With a wide range of distinct topics covered over a span of 4 years, it’s important that students apportion revision time appropriately so as to address learning gaps on both foundational and advanced levels, with an emphasis on topics covered at the upper secondary level.

Chemistry

Besides introducing several new topics and concepts, the Secondary 4 syllabus focuses on helping students sharpen their analytical skills and understanding of scientific concepts in preparation for the O-level Chemistry paper. Besides an emphasis on revision, the Secondary 4 syllabus includes topics such as metals, alkanes and alkenes, esters and isomerisms, macromolecules, introduction to organic chemistry, and so on. With a wide range of distinct topics covered over a span of 4 years, it’s important that students apportion revision time appropriately so as to address learning gaps on both foundational and advanced levels, with an emphasis on topics covered at the upper secondary level.

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