Study P3 English Tenses - Geniebook

Tenses

 In this chapter, we will be covering the simple Past Tense and the Present Perfect Tense. But, let’s first understand what tenses are. Tense is a verb-based method used to indicate when an action or event happens. Sometimes, it also indicates the continuation or “completeness” of an action or state in relation to the time of speaking.

 

Let’s now see how these two tenses are used.

 

What is Simple Past Tense?

The Simple Past Tense is more commonly known as simply the “Past Tense”. However,  there are different types of Past Tenses like the Present Perfect Tense, and Past Perfect Tense, which we will discuss later. The Simple Past Tense is used to refer to a past action where the timing is specified. Let’s now look at how to form sentences using the simple Past Tense with the help of the following table.

Infinitive (root form)

Simple Past

Type of Verb

Cheer

Cheered

Regular Verb - Regular verbs are the ones where we just add “-ed” at the end of the infinitive form/ root form of the word.

Walk

Walked

Cut

Cut

Irregular Verb - Irregular verbs are the ones where the entire word changes.

Eat

Ate

Freeze

Froze

Run

Ran

 

Examples of Tenses

 

Question 1:

Charlie’s finger is swollen. His pet lizard __________ him yesterday.

 

  1. bit
  2. bites
  3. bited

 

Answer:

The correct answer to this question is option (1) - bit. “Bit” is an irregular verb.


 

Question 2:

How many mistakes is/are there in the following sentence?

I flew into a rage and hitted him with all my might. Later, I realise something. I hurted myself during the fight.

 

  1. 2
  2. 3
  3. None
  4. 1

 

Answer:

The correct answer to this question is option (2) - there are 3 mistakes in the sentence above. The 3 mistakes in the sentence above are “hitted”, “realise” and “hurted”. Check the below table for the correct Past Tense verbs:

Mistake

Infinitive (root form)

Simple Past Tense

Hitted

Hit

Hit

Realise

Realise

Realised

Hurted

Hurt

Hurt

 

What is The Present Perfect Tense?

The Present Perfect Tense is formed by placing “has” or “have” before the past participle form of the verb. It is used for a past action where the timing is not specified. Also, it is usually used with words like “never”, “ever”, “already”, “yet”, “recently”, and “just”. Furthermore, the Present Perfect Tense is also used when an action starts in the past and continues to the present.

Let’s check out the following table to understand how the Present Perfect Tense is different from the simple Past Tense!

Infinitive (root form)

Simple Past

Past Participle

Cheer

Cheered

Cheered

Forget

Forgot

Forgotten

Sing

Sang

Sung

Freeze

Froze

Frozen

 

Question 3:

What tense is being used in the following sentence?

They’ve forgotten the lyrics to the song.

 

  1. Simple Past Tense
  2. Present Perfect Tense

 

Answer:

The correct answer to this question is option (2) - Present Perfect Tense. This sentence has a contraction. So, when we open it up, the sentence contains “have”. “Have forgotten” is the Present Perfect Tense. The simple Past Tense of this would be “forgot”.


 

Question 4:

I __________ to Vienna. I do hope to travel there one day.

 

  1. have never went
  2. have never gone

 

Answer:

The correct answer to this question is option (2) - have never gone. The first option is incorrect as the Present Perfect Tense is formed by placing “has” or “have” before the past participle form of the verb. “Went” is the simple Past Tense of the verb “go”. “Have” “has” and “had” can never be paired with the simple Past Tense, only the past participle. “Gone” is the past participle form of the verb “go”.


 

Question 5:

Over the weekend, they __________ football, then they __________ to a restaurant.

 

  1. have played, have went
  2. played, have went
  3. have played, went
  4. played, went

 

Answer:

As the timing of the event is specified, which is “over the weekend”, we will use the simple Past Tense form of the verb. So, the correct answer to this question is option (4) - played, went. 


 

Question 6:

She __________ in seven different countries, so she knows a lot about different cultures.

 

  1. lives
  2. has lived
  3. have lived
  4. lived

 

Answer:

The correct answer to this question is option (2) - has lived. “Has lived” is the Present Perfect Tense, which is used for an action or event that had started in the past but still has an effect in the present. Can you spot the clue that tells us that there is present-day effect?


 

Test Your Concepts

Answer the following questions based on the concepts we’ve covered in this article. If you get stuck, revisit the relevant section to revise the concepts.

 

Question 1:

Valerie is exhausted. She __________ at the crack of dawn today.

 

  1. awoke
  2. awake
  3. awoked
  4. awaked


 

Question 2:

What tense is being used in the following sentence?

I have not eaten my lunch.

 

  1. Simple Past Tense
  2. Present Perfect Tense


 

Question 3:

Shelley __________ her wallet yesterday.

 

  1. lost
  2. has lost
  3. have lost


 

Question 4:

Oh no! I __________ my wallet!

 

  1. lost
  2. has lost
  3. have lost


 

Question 5:

My goal is to finish reading six books this week. So far, I __________ four books.

 

  1. read
  2. have read
  3. has read
  4. readed


 

Continue Learning
Grammar Cloze Exercises Vocabulary MCQ Part 1
Tenses Relative Pronouns
Descriptive Writing Techniques Composition Writing
Synthesis & Transformation Vocabulary MCQ Part 2
Vocabulary Cloze Editing
Comprehension Cloze Quantifiers
Distributives Guess The Lyrics
Spelling Bee The Final Transformation
Vocabulary Cloze 2 Comprehension
Grammar Cloze Distributives 2
Prepositions  

 

Resources - Academic Topics
Primary
Primary 1
Primary 2
Primary 3
English
Grammar Cloze Exercises
Vocabulary MCQ Part 1
Tenses
Relative Pronouns
Descriptive Writing Techniques
Composition Writing
Synthesis & Transformation
Vocabulary MCQ Part 2
Vocabulary Cloze
Editing
Comprehension Cloze
Quantifiers
Distributives
Guess The Lyrics
Spelling Bee
The Final Transformation
Vocabulary Cloze 2
Comprehension
Grammar Cloze
Distributives 2
Prepositions
+ More
Maths
+ More
Science
+ More
Primary 4
Primary 5
Primary 6
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Secondary 1
Secondary 2
Secondary 3
Secondary 4
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