Study P5 Science Human Reproduction: Parts and Functions - Geniebook

Human Reproduction: Parts And Functions

In this article, you will be introduced to the human reproductive system according to the Singapore Primary 5 Science Syllabus. You will also learn more about the human male and female reproductive organs and their functions.

 

Sexual Reproduction In Humans

Sexual reproduction takes place in humans to ensure the continuity of the human species. Sexual reproduction involves two parents - the male and female parents. The male parent produces the male reproductive cells which are known as the sperm cells while the female parent produces the female reproductive cells which are known as the egg cells. 


 

During mating (or sexual intercourse), the male parent and the female parent come together so that the reproductive cells can meet. Only one sperm is able to fertilise one egg.

The following table shows the parts of the human reproductive system.

Human Male Reproductive System

Human Female Reproductive System

  • Penis
  • Testes (singular: Testis)
  • Ovaries (Singular: Ovary)
  • Fallopian Tube (Oviduct)
  • Vagina
  • Womb (Uterus)

 

Human Male Reproductive System

The human male reproductive system consists of the testes and the penis. The testis (plural: testes) is where the male reproductive cell or the sperm cell is formed. The penis is an organ that releases the sperms during mating (sexual intercourse).

 

Human Female Reproductive System

The human female reproductive system consists of the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the womb (uterus) and the vagina. The ovary is where the female reproductive cells (egg cells) are formed. The ovary releases one egg every month after reaching puberty. The fallopian tube connects the ovaries to the womb (uterus). The fallopian tube is where the sperm cell and the egg cell meet during fertilisation. 

The womb (uterus) is the site where the foetus develops during pregnancy. A foetus is a developing baby. The vagina (also known as the birth canal) is where the sperms are deposited during mating.

 

Conclusion

In this article, we learnt about the function of the human reproductive system. We also explored the organs that make up the reproductive system and their respective functions.

 

Test Your Concepts

Answer the following questions based on the concepts that we have covered in this article. If you are unclear, you may want to revisit the relevant section to revise the concepts.

 

Question 1:

The diagram below shows the human male and female reproductive systems.


 

Which one of the following is correct? 

 

Produce Sperm Cell

Produce Egg Cell

Place Where Fertilised Egg Develops

(1)

D

A

B

(2)

D

B

C

(3)

E

A

B

(4)

E

B

C

 

Solution:

(3)

Explanation:

A is the ovary. B is the womb (uterus). C is the vagina. D is the penis. E is the testis (plural: testes).

The sperm cell is produced by the testes and the egg cell is produced by the ovaries. The fertilised egg develops in the womb.


 

Question 2:

The diagram below shows the human male and female reproductive systems.


 

Which of the following correctly matches the part to its function?

 

Part

Function

(1)

A

  Fertilisation takes place here

(2)

B

  The site where the foetus develops

(3)

C

  Releases sperms during mating

(4)

D

  Produces egg cells

 

Solution:

(3)

Explanation:

Part A is the ovary where eggs are produced. Part B is the vagina where sperms are being deposited. Part C is the penis which releases sperm cells during mating. Part D produces sperm cells.


 

Question 3:

The diagram below shows the human male and female reproductive systems.


 

State the similar function performed by Parts A and E.

 

Solution:

Parts A and E produce reproductive cells.

Explanation:

Part A produces the female reproductive cells while Part E produces the male reproductive cells.


 

Continue Learning
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Human Reproduction: Parts And Functions  

 

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